Once a key site of technological innovation and officer training, Fort Monmouth was designated for closure by the 2005 Defense Base Realignment and Closure Commission. Located adjacent to the Atlantic shore in Central New Jersey, the Army installation was one of Monmouth County's largest employers and an important component of the economy, hosting 621 military, 4,712 civilian, and 997 other positions as of the 2005 Department of Defense Base Structure Report (BSR). The closure in September 2011 was supposed to result in the direct loss of 5,272 jobs (620 military and 4,652 civilian) and more than 4,400 "multiplier" jobs were expected to disappear with the decline in local economic activity, as per 2005 Defense Base Realignment and Closure Report estimates. Many of the job losses were high-paying research positions. Redevelopment of the site calls for a mix of residential, commercial, and industrial uses as well as open space.